June 9, 2017

The History of the Sumerians – Part 2

Inside the Akkadian monarchy, however, there were rebellions. The successor of Sargon the Ancient, Remus, was murdered by his own nobles, who ruled then the grandson of Sargon, Naramsin (2236-2200 BC) were continually fighting rebellions, belittling and priestly class. From the North to the Akkadian monarchy collapsed some “Manda warriors” (probably came from beyond the Caucasus, the Indo-Europeans). Naresuan defeated them, but Manda has managed to unite a large tribal Alliance, headed now by the people of the gutians (relatives of modern Dagestanis?). The successor of Aramoana, Arkalochori lost the fight with Kuthumi, and those conquered southern Mesopotamia to its rule. The North of the country came under the domination of the Hurrians (relatives of the Chechens?) and the Western Semites – suties that borrowed at this time of a more ancient ethnonym of the “Amorites”.

Cutie reigned over Sumer, relying on their friendly kings of Lagash, the most famous of which was of Gudea (2137-2117.). At the end of the XXII century BC the rule of the gutians crushed the popular uprising led by the fisherman Utuhegal. The restored “Kingdom of Sumer and Akkad,” but soon died, and the dominion of the new monarchy passed to one of his fellow – Ur-Nammu, founder of the III dynasty of Ur.

This dynasty in the face of Ur-Nammu (2106-2094 BC) and his son Shulgi (2093-2046 BC) found in Sumer real socialism. Most of the people, reduced to the level of the disenfranchised proletariat, were organised in a kind of “labor army” working for rations in camps with horrible living conditions and tremendous mortality. (However, according to some reports, the remains of private life has been preserved.) Socialism in Sumer was characterized by all those negative, false traits that were inherent in other places and historical eras. The drafting of the new “Royal lists” the government falsified the entire past national history. Power III dynasty of Ur was led by continuous conquest, proclaiming the subject of “constant victory” over neighbors that actually was not always been. Its borders were close to the borders of the monarchy of the Akkadian Sargon.

The story of this Sumerian Communist despotism ended in a sudden collapse. Around 2025, during the war it the king of Ibiuna with Elam, to the North and West attacked the Semites-cutie (Amorites). Pretecelle government nobody wanted to defend the people, the masses fled from the state of the latifundia. In 2017, the official Icbi-ERRA king changed and founded an independent state in the city Blue. Worst unrest lasted about 15 years. The whole Sumer was terribly defeated, Ibbeson died. Ishbi-ERRA, somehow subjugating Suties, founded on the ruins of the former Sumerian power a new, much weaker.

Suties (in whose Union included the ancestors of the Jews) dispersed widely across the country, gradually assimilating the Sumerians. Over the next century, sutias founded an independent Principality in a number of cities, which especially came to the fore earlier minor Larsa in the South and Babylon in the center of the country. After this new strong inflow into Mesopotamia Semites the Sumerian language ceased to be used in live speech, but due to memories of the high culture of the Sumerians he has long kept the value of the official state and “sacred”. With the assimilation of the Sumerians and the loss of their native language and ended their national history. However, the South of Mesopotamia a few centuries preserved notable ethnographic differences from fully semasiology center and North as a special area of Primorye.

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